Randy Michaels: The FCC is About To Ruin AM Radio


Whether you’re a small market AM operator or you run a Class A, your hope is that the FCC’s plan to revitalize the band will improve the quality of the sound the band spits out to your listeners. Over the years, The AM band has become sensitive to every product we plug in the wall giving it added buzz, crackles and other assorted sounds that instantly turn off the listener now living in a digitally clear world.

The FCC’s plan to allow AM stations to retain power at night, therefore causing interference with those big booming Class A’s, has gotten many of you riled up. Randy Michaels knows his stuff when it comes to the AM band. We asked him to break out of his shell and give us his opinion on what the FCC is about to do. Here’s part one of what he had to say…

RI: What are your thoughts on what you see the FCC doing to these signals?
Michaels: I think many at the FCC don’t understand the physics of broadcasting. Unfortunately the commissioners do understand the politics of broadcasting. Allowing some stations to have big coverage and allowing other stations to have less coverage seem somehow unfair and un-American. But the fact is, the AM band can’t hold the number of stations we have now. By great measure, new stations that have been created in the past many years have caused more interference than created service. The FCC was created to stop the interference that was so prevalent in the early 1920s, and they did a great job for years. What the FCC doesn’t understand is that by breaking down the Clears, they are going to destroy far more service than could be created because Clears are going to make a mess of those channels. Even at relatively high power, you’re going to have small service areas, small islands of service in a sea of interference. If they proceed, this will put the majority of the American landmass outside the reach of interference-free AM at night. In your city, you will get AM, but out in the country, you will have to go to FM. I think it’s crazy. The physics of the band, given where it is, sounds like a good idea, but for many reasons, it’s not.

RI: With iHeart and TuneIn and every other way you can get your favorite radio station, does what they’re doing really even matter?
Michaels: That’s an argument. But the question then is, does broadcast matter? If you’re going to listen to the radio on your smartphone, then you don’t need the transmitter at all. So you’re asking the question, does over-the-air really matter. I think, at least today, it does. Data isn’t free. Cellular coverage isn’t ubiquitous. If you want to get emergency broadcasts in a lot of parts of the country, right now AM radio is about the only way to do it. One of the problems in this whole thing is that they allocate stations based on probabilities. When you see those nighttime signal contours, they are 50/50 or 50/90 curves or 90/10 curves, or whatever. So 50/50 means 50% of the radio 50% of the time. Well that means the other 50% of the time its something else. When you put multiple interfering stations on the same channel on a given night, the odds that the interference will be higher than the map shows is greater than 50/50. The staff knows this, but the commission chooses to ignore it. To me, it’s just a little disingenuous. Look, there are countries that decided to do away with AM all together.

RI: Do you think we are headed down that road?
Michaels: I think we’re about to make all stations equally useless. I think the difficulty with AM—there are many difficulties with AM, but by far, the biggest one is signal. I’m old enough to remember when a 5,000 watt station could adequately cover a market. Now it’s the interference levels, both from clear channel’s and outside sources, from computers to energy-efficient light bulbs and everything in the house that makes noise. Plus cities have gotten larger and grown outside their footprints. Today, there are very few AMs that can actually cover a market. We are about to destroy those. Florida is already done, because the Caribbean has duplicated all the clear channels. So you don’t get any night service. Really, if you drive out in the middle of Florida, you don’t get any radio at night. You get crap. And we are about to do that to the whole country.

We’ll have part two from Randy Michaels in our Friday morning headlines.

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  1. Actually, the FCC blew it with the expanded band (1610-1700).
    What they should have done was establish 5 stations (1620, 1640,1660,1680 and 1700) and place them Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest and central USA. Have them each run mega power like 500KW.
    Requirement would be an all-news format with frequent weather and emergency information for a major region.
    This would guarantee that at least one of these stations would be heard at night regardless of your location.

  2. randy local content is important, so clear channels who run syndicated programs should not be protected, if you want protect your contours, then be fully live 18 hours a day..otherwise let other stations on your frequency go full time full power and try to serve their communities.

  3. I’m not in the broadcast industry. Rather, I’m an Engineer and a licensed Amateur Radio operator. I find this article poignant because of the following statement, “Over the years, The AM band has become sensitive to every product we plug in the wall giving it added buzz, crackles and other assorted sounds that instantly turn off the listener now living in a digitally clear world.” Let’s be clear, the sensitivity of the AM band to interference has not changed. What has changed, is the FCC. The FCC “used” to do “enforcement”. They used to police the spectrum with the goal of preventing interference. Heck, that’s why Amateur Radio operators used to refer to the FCC as “Uncle Sam”. You didn’t dare break the law for fear that your license would be revoked.

    I’m not sure what the FCC does these days. However, in favor of the manufacturers, they’ve relaxed the radiation criteria for electronic devices to the point, as inferred by the author, that almost everything causes RFI (radio frequency interference). In fact, at this point in time, there are probably a significant number of your customers who are having problems hearing your stations because of the interference caused by “grow lights” that are being sold by Home Depot (and other places) and are being used by their neighbors (these grow lights do not meet the FCC criteria for residential use). This is just one example of the lack of FCC enforcement that is affecting your market and, admittedly, Amateur Radio, as well…

    Michael J. Linden N9BDF, IEEE Senior Member

  4. If the format stinks, if it is so boring that no one is listening to it locally then the odds are that no one who lives 50 miles away and can suddenly pick up the signal will be listening either. Power and distance is not nearly as important as content. If you have a format that no is interested in then it doesn’t matter if your AM station has 1 watt or 100,000 watts. NO ONE IS LISTENING! NO ONE!

  5. Randy hit the nail on the head. Leave the clear’s alone- in fact, give them a half-million watts or more if they want to pay the bill.

  6. Randy knows his stuff. He should be the FCC Chief! Pay attention AM operators… We need to let the current FCC realize that the AM band is a valuable resource. THANK YOU RANDY MICHAELS for providing a well thought out response to a very bad proposal.


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